如何控制养猪场的粪臭污染 - 玉田县久翔饲料有限公司<title>无极棋牌 | <body bgcolor="#FFFFFF" leftmargin="0" topmargin="0" marginwidth="0" marginheight="0"> <div align="center"> <table border="0" width="955" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" bgcolor="#F8F9F3"> <tr> <td> <div align="center"> <table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" bgcolor="#FFFFFF"> <tr> <td width="704" valign="top"> <table border="0" width="704" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" bgcolor="#FFFFFF"> <tr> <td width="704"> <img border="0" src="/jx/9news.jpg" width="704" height="47"></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="704"> <div align="center"> <table border="0" width="92%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tr> <td height="10"></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" valign="top"> <div align="center"> <table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" id="table188"> <tr> <td style="font-size: 12px"> <table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" id="table204"> <tr> <td height="30" align="center" class="font4"> <p style="line-height: 200%"><b><font size="2"> 如何控制养猪场的粪臭污染</font></b></td> </tr> </table> <div align="center"> <table width="94%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" id="table205"> <tr> <td height="8" background="zzy/line_point1.gif" style="font-size: 12px"></td> </tr> </table> </div> <div align="center"> <table width="98%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" id="table222"> <tr> <td style="font-size: 12px"> <div align="center"> <TABLE width="97%" border=0 cellPadding=0 cellSpacing=0 id="table223"> <TR> <TD height=1 background=img/naBialym.gif style="font-size: 12px"><IMG height=1 src="/img/1x1_pix.gif" width=10></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD height=1 style="font-size: 12px"> <div align="center"> <table width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" id="table224"> <tr> <td style="font-size: 12px"> <div align="center"> <table width="98%" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="5" id="table225"> <tr> <td style="font-size: 12px"><div align="center"> <font color="#CCCCCC">发布日期:[2010-12-8]    共阅[1933]次</font></div></td> </tr> <tr> <td height="5" style="font-size: 12px"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="font-size: 12px" > <p style="line-height: 160%"><SPAN class=content id=BodyLabel style="PADDING-RIGHT: 10px; DISPLAY: block; PADDING-LEFT: 10px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px" ><P> </P> <P> </P> <P><FONT face=Verdana> </FONT><FONT face=Verdana size=4>冬季猪舍,特别是封闭式保温猪舍养猪,由于卫生管理跟不上,粪尿</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>堆积,饲料垫草的发酵、腐败分解和猪的喘气、咳嗽等,就会使舍内</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>充满大量氨气、硫化氢和碳酸气等有毒有害的气体,会严重使猪生</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>长受阻,食性差,长得慢或不长肉。猪的眼病、气管炎、肺炎和下痢</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>等病明显增加,死猪增多,经济损失大。应尽快采取必要的措施改善</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>环境。 <BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  1、舍内排便<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  采取舍内吃住,舍外排粪尿,是消除猪舍臭气、潮气最有效的措</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>施。做法是每昼夜分4次定时定地点在喂猪前赶到舍外排便处排粪</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>尿,而后赶回喂猪,效果好。舍内臭气大大减少,可保持舍内干燥卫</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>生,有害气体少,猪发病率低,猪长得快,出圈早,效益高。<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  2、通风换气<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  改善猪舍湿度和猪舍空气最有效的办法便是通风换气。而通风</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>换气最为合理有效的措施就是在天棚顶上开个通风孔。可在寒冷的</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>冬季不用开门窗就能尽快从通风孔排出舍内的大量潮气和不良的有</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>害气体,以换入新鲜空气,带走潮湿污浊的臭气,净化了舍内空气。但</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>通风要有节制,须适当掌握,好天多通风,冷天少通风,做到通风与保</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>温进行合理的调节。<BR>  </FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>     3、清除粪污<BR>  </FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>实行商品化养猪数量大、排泄粪便多,特别猪吃住、排便均在舍内</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>的情况下,必须每天坚持清粪3次。只要一次不及时清除,就增加了</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>臭气的污染度。氨气刺激气管、肺和眼结膜,易害肺炎等病。<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  4、控制圈养密度<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  因为圈养密度过大,舍内空气不好,猪以强欺弱,咬斗频繁,不好</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>管理。圈养密度以每头肉猪占0.8~1.0m2为宜,再多无益。<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  5、减少不良气体<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  造成猪粪尿酸臭的根本原因是喂猪的饲料营养过高,吸收不了,</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>胃肠消化不良。在粪臭质的处理上,可不用各种药品去消除粪臭,因</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>为这势必要大量用药(用少了不起作用)开支大,增加成本。我主张,</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>一是改善饲养方法;二是少花钱或不花钱因地制宜的用廉价自产或</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>地产品替代用药,如沸石、澎润土等吸附物质,而使其起到同样的作</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>用。可大大降低治理臭气所支出的费用,适合农村养猪户使用,方法</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>简便、实用。<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  6、加强垫料管理<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  干燥松软清洁的垫料,保温和吸湿除臭,有利于猪的休息。好的</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>垫料应为导热性小,具有大的溶热量、溶水量、吸湿性和吸收有害</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>气体的能力。秸秆和锯末吸湿性为400%,吸氨量为0 6%。如能在</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>垫料中添加一些沸石,吸收潮湿粪臭气的效果会更好。在管理上要</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>勤起勤垫。吸潮湿臭气大时要及时更换,以有利于清除潮气和粪</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>臭。<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  7、防止猪胃肠病<BR></FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>  因为仔猪的黄痢、白痢、红痢病及猪的传染性胃肠腹泻等疾</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>病,均能造成猪拉稀、腹泻以至脱水,粪便腥臭难闻,是造成环境潮湿</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>和臭气污染的主要来源。因此须强化猪胃肠病的预防。不要等发病</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>再治,要防重于治,不打被动仗,是控制疫病最有效的措施。应早用</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>药、使猪不害病。因为黄痢等病的发生,都有一个发病的易感阶段,</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>即发生下痢病的规律性。只要掌握了发病易感阶段的规律性,便可</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>采取母猪产前用药和仔猪病前投药的有效措施,而使其不发病。猪</FONT></P> <P><FONT face=Verdana size=4>不害痢病,就会大大降低氨等有害气体的产生,效果显著,事半功倍。</FONT></P> <P> </P> </span></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="font-size: 12px"> </td> </tr> </table> </div> </td> </tr> </table> </div> <table width="100%" height="19" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" id="table226"> <tr> <td height="1" colspan="2" bgcolor="#CCCCCC" style="font-size: 12px"></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="45%" height="22" style="font-size: 12px"> <div align="right"></div></td> <td width="55%" style="font-size: 12px" > <p align="center">【 字体:<A href="javascript:ContentSize(16)">大</A ><A href="javascript:ContentSize(14)">中</A ><A href="javascript:ContentSize(12)">小</A > 】【<a href='javascript:window.print()'>打印此页</a >】 【<a href='javascript:history.back()'>返回</a >】【<A href="javascript:window.scroll(0,-360)">顶部</A >】【<a href="javascript:self.close()">关闭</a>】</td> </tr> </table> </TD> </TR> <TR> <TD height=1 background=img/naBialym.gif style="font-size: 12px"><IMG height=1 src="/img/1x1_pix.gif" width=10></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD height=1 style="font-size: 12px"> </TD> </TR> </TABLE> </div> </td> </tr> </table> </div> </td> </tr> </table> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="10"></td> </tr> </table> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="704">  </td> </tr> </table> </td> <td width="1" valign="top"> <img border="0" src="/jx/loadstar_06.jpg" width="1" height="566"></td> <td width="238" valign="top"> <table border="0" width="100%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tr> <td style="background-image: url('/jx/loadstar_07.jpg'); 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